In the event of crisis or disaster, Luxembourg's humanitarian aid covers the three main stages of the cycle of intervention: emergency relief, support for reconstruction and prevention, always in compliance with fundamental humanitarian principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence.
The three areas of humanitarian aid in the Luxembourg development cooperation
With its humanitarian aid, the Grand Duchy can launch priority emergency relief in the event of humanitarian disasters, natural disasters or violent conflicts. Emergency relief is intended to meet the basic needs of people in distress.
This is followed by a transition stage aimed at laying the foundations for the resumption of everyday activities by reconstructing destroyed community and private infrastructures and rehabilitating basic services and means of subsistence.
Humanitarian aid also includes a third element, i.e. resilience and prevention. It consists of preparing communities at risk for likely crises and disasters by strengthening their socio-economic capacity and resistance and by setting up an environment more conducive to their sustainable development.
Fundamental humanitarian principles
Luxembourg's humanitarian aid is devised on the basis of compliance with four fundamental humanitarian principles, i.e.:
- the principle of humanity, the main aim of which is to save lives and alleviate suffering wherever it may be;
- the principle of impartiality, which consists of implementing aid by only taking into account needs without discriminating between or among affected populations;
- the principle of neutrality, meaning that where aid is implemented, humanitarian aid cannot take either side in the context of armed conflicts or other forms of confrontation;
- the principle of independence, which refers to the independence of humanitarian aid objectives from political, economic, military or other agendas in areas where it is implemented.
emergency.lu: reinforcing Luxembourg's expertise in the field of ICT
With its emergency.lu project, Luxembourg offers a global satellite communications system allowing a quick response to natural disasters and humanitarian missions. The project is a mobile satellite telecom solution that can be deployed within twelve hours of receiving an alert.
Its prime objective is to re-establish or reinforce means of communication in a crisis situation, thereby helping to coordinate rescue efforts and making the humanitarian community's response to the emergency more effective.
This platform has been designed and developed as a public-private partnership based on Luxembourg's skills and know-how in the field of ICT. Its funding out of development cooperation budgets enables the Grand Duchy to offer it to the international community as a global public resource.