Luxembourg, a land of castles History, exhibitions, festivals and walks through Luxembourg's castles

Visiting the castles scattered throughout Luxembourg is the ideal opportunity to plunge into the country's history, but also to discover exhibitions, enjoy medieval and music festivals, and even hike through natural areas.

Witnesses to history

Situated in the heart of Western Europe, Luxembourg's territory has often been coveted by great powers. To protect itself from invasions, many fortifications were built over the centuries, which today represent a rich heritage not to be missed by history enthusiasts. Indeed, 1,000 years of history and more than 70 castles are waiting for you in Luxembourg!

Here is a small selection of these magnificent buildings that we invite you to explore.

The castle of Vianden, a Luxembourg icon in the north-east of the country, built between the 11th and 14th centuries, remains one of the most beautiful feudal residences of the Roman and Gothic periods in Europe. Don't miss the permanent exhibition on the history of the site, considered the symbolic cradle of the Orange-Nassau dynasty, to which the grand-ducal family still belongs today.

The castle of Beaufort consists of two castles: the medieval and the Renaissance. The charm is enhanced by the beauty of the landscape: The ruins of the fortress are built on the edge of a picturesque pond, at a short distance from forest and the Mullerthal's sandstone rock formations.

The imposing ensemble of Larochette castle is situated on a promontory overlooking the valley of the White Ernz, in the Mullerthal region. Its history dates back to the 12th century and the legend of the ghost of a provost transformed into a dragon awaits young audiences!

With its triangular shape and an enclosure with 11 towers, the castle of Bourscheid overhangs the Sûre by 150m. Located in the region of the Luxembourg Ardennes, it is the largest castle in the country! In the evening, the illumination makes this building with more than 1,000 years of history even more impressive.

There's a lot on offer - take a look at the information on castles and fortifications available on the portal visitluxembourg.com.

Beaufort castle
© SIP / Uli Fielitz, all rights reserved
Bourscheid castle
© SIP / Christof Weber, all rights reserved

Culture within castles

The castle of Clervaux is nowadays a high place of photography in Luxembourg. It hosts the exhibition The Family of Man, a remarkable collection of documentary art photographs collected by Edward Steichen, which is listed in the UNESCO' s Memory of the World Register.

Each summer, fans of concerts, theatre nights and art performances are expected at Wiltz castle. The amphitheatre hosts the Wiltz Festival, featuring international artists, Luxembourg premieres and hybrid productions combining various arts. Shows are available for all audiences!

Lovers of medieval festivals and children will delight in the medieval festivals organised by many Luxembourg castles, such as Bourscheid, Useldange, Beaufort and Vianden.

Wiltz castle
© SIP / YW, all rights reserved
Clervaux castle
© SIP, all rights reserved

Discover the castles on a hike

Want to explore the country's history while staying active? Then the Valley of the Seven Castles is the perfect getaway. Discover the Eisch valley and its seven castles: Mersch, Schoenfels, Hollenfels, the old and new castles of Ansembourg, Septfontaines and Koerich. Through a 37km national hiking trail, capture not only the history but also the landscape of the Guttland region.

Besides, if you don't have the time to walk the whole trail, then take this 27km circuit and make a few stops by car.

Gardens of Asembourg castle
© SIP / YW, all rights reserved
Mersch castle
© SIP, all rights reserved