Go on one of the many hiking trails to contemplate the Grand Duchy's architecture as well as its industrial and religious heritage. Go back in time while touring Luxembourg's Notre-Dame Cathedral or get inspired by the jewels of contemporary architecture that characterize the capital. It is first and foremost the fascinating synergy between the old and new that creates an architectural experience that you must see with your own eyes!
Discover Luxembourg's architectural heritage
The Grand Duchy offers a blend of architectural masterpieces that you can visit on foot. At the Kirchberg Plateau, you can enjoy the Kirchberg tour: Architecture and Art in Public Space. You will see the impressive architectural buildings of the MUDAM, the Philharmonie and the European Court of Justice. At the same time, you can get inspired by the Luxembourg IV tour of architectour.lu, a contemporary architecture guide, which offers 14 tours encompassing 278 architectural works across the country.
The City Promenade reveals a combination of modernist feats dating back from the 1930s to the 1950s, as well as highly contemporary stylistic devices in Luxembourg City. This wide range of amazing buildings can easily be discovered on foot. Make sure you don't miss the City Promenade by night, a fascinating 2-hour guided tour featuring magical illuminations of the former ramparts of Luxembourg City. The perfect opportunity to take some pictures!
If you continue your route towards the vicinity of the main train station, you can discover the Bourbon Plateau with its historicist, Art Nouveau and Art Deco style buildings of the late 19th and early 20th Century. The most prestigious one of all is probably the headquarters of the Banque et Caisse d'Épargne de l'État on Place de Metz. If you walk on, you will find yourself right across the majestic building known as '19 Liberté', the former headquarters of the ARBED (subsequently Arcelor Mittal). It serves as a reminder of the central role that the iron and steel industry played in the Grand Duchy's development.
Traces of the past: the steel industry
Our industrial heritage evidently has its roots in the iron ore that transformed Luxembourg into a fruitful industrial state from the mid-19th Century onwards. Did you know that back in 1927, the Grand Duchy was ranked 7th highest steel producer in the world? You could, for example, opt for a guided tour of the imposing Belval blast furnace. A whole new neighbourhood filled with research and innovation institutions and the University of Luxembourg's Belval Campus has blossomed around the furnace. Does the Land of the Red Rocks pique your interest? So why not take part in one of the guided tours offered by visitluxembourg.com? The exceptional full-moon hike in Dudelange is highly recommended!
Places of worship in Luxembourg
You could go and see the two main religious buildings of the country: Saint Willibrord Basilica in Echternach and the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City. Featuring a gothic style with Renaissance elements, the cathedral is a must if you are visiting Luxembourg. Please note that a tour of the cathedral is included in the City Promenade tour mentioned above. The basilica in the east of the Grand Duchy featuring 11th-Century frescoes and the Merovingian crypt with St.Willibrord's tomb attract history lovers and the general public alike. Its two religious centres are also the main pilgrimage sites in Luxembourg, with the Echternach Hopping Procession and the Luxembourg Oktav. These two tourist attractions filled with history are easy to combine with one of the many hiking trails offered in Luxembourg!