Luxembourg was founded in
by Count Siegfried.
The formal independence
only goes back to
nationalities live together in Luxembourg.
The country has a total population of
Festivals and traditions
National Day is on
on the occasion of the celebrations for the Grand Duke's birthday.
It was celebrated on the very day of the birthday of the sovereign until
but the date was changed due to the weather conditions.
The Grand Duke
H.R.H. Grand Duke Henri
is the head of state since
He is the
6th head of state
since the independence of Luxembourg in 1839.
Legislative elections by universal suffrage are held every
On this occasion, the population elects another Parliament composed of
representing their interests.
was revealed in
Luxembourg was the
2nd country in the world
defining a legal framework for
of its GNI
to development cooperation.
Luxembourg's development cooperation is the
2nd most generous contributor
in the world.
Luxembourg City's fortress and old city were classified UNESCO World Heritage in
In 2003, the photographic exhibition
The family of man
became World Document Heritage.
In 2010, the
Echternach Hopping Procession
was included on the list of the Immaterial Cultural Heritage.
of luxembourgish pupils are registered
In public schools.
School careers are made up of
including 8 in preschool and primary school, and 7 in secondary school.
Luxembourg is made up of
geographical regions: the Éislek in the north and the Guttland in the south.
Fancy visiting the country?
5 tourist regions
wait to be discovered.
The short animated film Mr Hublot was awarded the
for the best animated short film in
Languages in the context of education
Luxembourgish pupils learn at least
during their schooling.
Furthermore the pupils can
choose between 3 other languages
which they can add.
of the population.
from 170 different nationalities.
High Performance Computing
The superannuation calculators
performs 10 petaflops
a second, i.e. 10 million billion operations.
It is part of the Euro HPC network that is composed of
european superannuation calculators.
Luxembourg's border is
3 neighbouring countries:
Belgium, Germany and France.
Luxembourg is ranked
best in the world for green finance.
The Luxembourg Green Exchange is the
stock exchange in the world that is reserved to green bonds.
Luxembourg is one of the
founding members of the European Union.
Prime Minister Joseph Bech signed the Treaties of Rome for Luxembourg in
beautiful nature parks
await you in Luxembourg.
Together, they cover almost
of the national territory.
Iron and steel industry
tons of steel for the construction of the One World Trade Center.
This corresponds to
of steel industry production in Luxembourg.
Luxembourg city was
european capital of culture twice
in 1995 and 2007.
The second Luxembourgish city to bear that title in
will be Esch-sur-Alzette, alongside Kaunas (Lithuania).
Parental leave can be taken one day per week for a period of
In 2019, approximately
persons benefited from this measure.
In 2018, Luxembourg ranks
1st among OECD countries
in terms of labour productivity.
On average, GDP per hour worked is
105.1 dollars (in purchasing power parity)
in the Grand Duchy.
Quality of life
of the Global Social Mobility Index.
According to the World Economic Forum, it takes
to reach the median income in the Grand Duchy.
Homosexual marriage was legalised in
In Luxembourg, some
couples get married each year in total.
wine tourists visited the Moselle.
Of Luxembourg's residents,
participated in a wine tasting.
Edward Steichen's "The Bitter Years" exhibition brings together
documentary images from the Great Depression in America.
Made for MOMA in New York in,
it is housed today by the CNA in Dudelange.
Su-Mei Tse wins the "Golden Lion" at the Venice Biennale as the
The prize was awarded to her on
14 June 2003
rewarding the best international participation.
Art and culture
castles await you in Luxembourg.
They represent over
years of national history.
Festivals and traditions
The "Schueberfouer" already exists for
Each year, this traditional festival attracts
Since 1965, Luxembourg has been
1 of 3
capitals of the European Union.
The other two are
Brussels and Strasbourg.
Luxembourg is the
European country to have defined a framework for sustainability bonds.
The first sustainability bond was over
Between March 2014 and 2019,
photovoltaic installation were subsidised.
The PRIMe House aid scheme used
euros to support this energy.
Quality of life
In 2021 Luxembourg is the
country to ban glyphosate.
Already in 2020
of Luxembourg winegrowers no longer use glyphosate.
Since the founding of the European Union
Luxembourgers have chaired the European Commission.
Gaston Thorn, Jacques Santer and Jean-Claude Juncker.
Luxembourg has maintained its
rating in 2020.
Rating agencies DBRS, Fitch and S&P have confirmed the rating
despite the sanitary crisis.
The incubator of the University of Luxemburg was created in
to support the launch of startups.
The 'Ideation Campus' transforms
a year the university into an ideas factory.
In 1985, Luxembourg was one of the
signatories of the Schengen agreements.
countries are part of the Schengen area.
Quality of life
In 2020, Luxembourg City came
in the 'Global Liveability Report'.
The study evaluates quality of life in over
As part of heritage conservation,
buildings are under protection in 2020.
In 2008, only some
buildings were protected.
29 February 2020
public transportation has been free in Luxembourg.
Thus, the Grand Duchy is the
European country to enjoy free public transportation.
On 10 May 2020, the Grand Ducal Court announced the birth of
the first child of the Hereditary Grand-Ducal couple.
The future Grand Duke is the
of the grandchildren of the Grand Duke and the Grand Duchess.
is the most common beer size in Luxembourg.
It is served in
different types of glass: the Mini and the Flûte.