Since 1995, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has had a ministry devoted to equality between men and women - the Ministry of Equal Opportunities. Of all the Member States of the European Union, the Grand Duchy is the only one to have a ministry which is exclusively responsible for equality between men and women.
The Ministry's activities are focused on the legal and actual equality of men and women, and it carries out a number of missions and initiatives.
One of the Ministry's priority missions is the implementation of 'gender mainstreaming' in the Grand Duchy's political structures. This also includes combating gender stereotypes wherever they exist.
Equality in the workplace
The Law of 15 December 2016 incorporated the principle of equal salaries in the Grand Duchy's legislation. Since that date, it is illegal for there to be any difference in the salaries paid to men and women carrying out the same task or work of equal value.
Businesses in the private sector and administrations and institutions in the public sector may participate voluntarily in the 'positive action programme' (see inset, right) organised by the Ministry of Equal Opportunities. As part of the programme, an independent survey analyses the degree of equality between men and women within the participating body. A plan is then drawn up jointly with a view to improving the initial situation.
Strong action to combat domestic violence
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has had legislation to combat domestic violence since 2006. In addition to providing for the expulsion from the family home for up to 14 days for perpetrators of domestic violence, this legislation also provides for taking care of and subsequently monitoring both victims and perpetrators of domestic violence (www.violence.lu).