The castles and the ruins of the fortress are among the main tourist destinations of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Of the 109 identified castles in the Middle Ages, 76 have more or less survived the ravages of time.
Coveted over the centuries by many foreign powers, the primary purpose of these castles was the military defense. Many of them are perched on a rocky outcrop overlooking a winding valley. Other castles, although fewer in number, are located in a valley. Their moats, once their main element of defense, have long dried up.
Management of the castles
Many castles of the Grand Duchy have become state property. It is the National Sites and Monuments Service which is responsible for the restoration and valorisation of these old feudal residences.
Most of the castles belonging to the state are managed by private associations. Run by volunteers who organise concerts, lectures, art exhibitions or medieval festivals, they make a significant contribution to the cultural life of the castles.
Castles open to the public
Some castles are open to visitors and impress by their size or degree of restoration. Among these castles, let's point out the castles of Vianden, Beaufort, Bourscheid, Larochette or Clervaux, which hosts the prestigious photographic exhibition 'The Family of Man' by Edward Steichen.