The Luxembourg job market is characterised by an international and multicultural working environment, an exceptional level of foreign and multilingual workforce, predominance of the service sector and an unemployment rate lower than the European average.
The Luxembourg job market in a few words
- Twice as many jobs as the national active population;
- Four times as many jobs as the active population on the territory of Luxembourg City;
- The excess job openings have to be filled with outside job seekers;
- Around 70% of the country’s workforce is made up of immigrants or border workers;
- The ratio of cross-border employees grew from 3% in 1961 to 44% in 2010; nearly one cross-border employee in two comes from France.
An international and multicultural working environment
Several international industrial groups are located in Luxembourg (ArcelorMittal, Goodyear, Guardian, Dupont, etc.).
In the fields of information technology, communication and the media, several communication giants operate out of Luxembourg: the RTL Group, Europe’s leading television and radio broadcaster, and SES, the world’s leading provider of communication and broadcasting services via an array of 40 satellites. Skype, iTunes, PayPal, eBay and Amazon.com — the huge multinationals in digital economy, are all present in the Grand Duchy.
For getting to know the main companies in the Grand Duchy, visit our 'Companies' page.
An exceptionally high level of foreign workforce
Around 70% of the country’s workforce is composed of immigrants or cross-border employees. There are also some 10,000 international officials and civil servants.
Since the need for workers cannot be met by domestic labour and migrant workers, the number of posts held by cross-border employees residing in one of the neighbouring countries (Germany, Belgium and France) has been constantly increasing since 1985.
Some 160,000 cross-border employees are working in Luxembourg. Representing 50% of that workforce, France provides the largest contingent, followed by Belgium (26%) and Germany (24%). 45% of domestic employment is thus accounted for by cross-border workers.
A multilingual workforce
The workforce of local origin is fluent in the three languages used in day-to-day life (Luxembourgish, French and German). Given the multicultural environment, many employees also speak English. The choice of language in the workplace largely depends on the origin or nationality of the company.
Net predominance of services
While the number of employees in the industrial sector has declined in recent years, there has been a tremendous expansion in the tertiary sector.
A lower unemployment rate than the European average
Since 2002, the unemployment rate, relatively low until then, has continued to grow, but it is still below the European average. In October 2014, it was at 7.1%
The National Employment Agency (Agence pour le développement de l'emploi, ADEM) is entrusted with the task of helping jobseekers find appropriate employment and to help employers find staff suitable for their businesses.
A strong tradition of social peace
In Luxembourg, there is a strong tradition of social peace and social problems are usually resolved within the framework of wide-ranging consultation between the social partners, both at business and national levels.
It is the responsibility of the Economic Committee (Comité de conjoncture) to closely monitor the evolution of the country’s economic situation, both short-term and long-term, and the situation prevailing in the labour market.