The elections for the Chamber of Deputies are on the basis of direct universal suffrage in order to designate the 60 members (23 for the southern constituency, 7 for the eastern, 21 for the central and 9 for the northern), which, in Luxembourg's unicameral system, make up the national parliament.
Elections are held using a system of proportional representation. For each of the four constituencies, the political groups must draw up lists of candidates; their number may not exceed the number of MPs to be elected in that constituency.
The number of seats is calculated according to the rules of proportional representation and the principle of the smallest electoral quotient.
Parliamentary elections automatically take place every five years.
Conditions of the electorate
To qualify as a voter in the legislative elections, one must:
- be of Luxembourgish nationality;
- be at least 18 years of age on the day of the election;
- jouir des Civil Law et politics;enjoy one's civil and political rights;
- reside in Luxembourg. Luxembourgish citizens residing abroad may vote in the legislative elections by postal vote.
All voters registered on the electoral roll can ask to vote by correspondence during the legislative elections.
An voter wishing to vote by mail during the legislative elections must inform the commune and request the poll card. The request for the poll card can be made electronically via MyGuichet.Lu or by post on free paper or on a pre-printed form to be obtained from the voter's commune of residence.
The electoral constituencies
For the parliamentary elections, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is divided into four constituencies:
- the South, comprising the cantons of Esch-sur-Alzette and Capellen;
- the Centre, comprising the cantons of Luxembourg and Mersch;
- the North, comprising the cantons of Diekirch, Redange, Wiltz, Clervaux and Vianden;
- the East, comprising the cantons of Grevenmacher, Remich and Echternach.
The cities of Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg, Diekirch and Grevenmacher are the capitals of the electoral constituencies.