In Luxembourg, the universal right to vote and stand in elections was introduced on 26 October 1919 — even though Luxembourg did not have a powerful feminist movement before the First World War.
Before that date, the right to vote was subject to a property qualification and only 25% of men had the right to take part in elections.
However, notwithstanding that right, the active participation of women in politics developed very slowly.
Only one woman managed to enter Parliament in the first general election in 1919.
Between 1931 and 1965, the Chamber of Deputies no longer had any female member.
In 1967, the first woman entered the Luxembourg government.
Following the 2009 parliamentary elections, women accounted for only 20% of elected MPs and 27% of ministers. Following the 2011 municipal elections, 4 out of 5 seats on municipal councils are held by men.
These low rates do not reflect gender representation in the population as a whole. Equal representation should mean 50%.