Every municipality in Luxembourg is led by a municipal council, which comprises the mayor, aldermen and municipal councillors. They are directly elected by the inhabitants of the municipality who are entitled to vote. The number of members of the municipal councils varies according to the municipality's population, but it is always uneven.
In Luxembourg, municipal elections are held every 6 years.
2 different election procedures
In accordance with the electoral law, elections are either based on the system of the relative majority – in municipalities with a population of less than 3,000 – or according to the proportional representation system in municipalities with a population exceeding 3,000.
In the first case, candidates appear individually on the ballot. In the second case, candidates are grouped on electoral lists. The maximum number of candidates per list is equal to the number of members of the municipal council which is being elected.
Each municipality forms a constituency. Each voter has as many votes as there are councilors to be elected to the municipal council. He may award two votes to each of the candidates up to the total of the votes he has at his disposal.
Conditions of the electorate
Voting in the communal elections in their commune of residence is open to each citizen who:
- are at least 18 years of age on the day of elections;
- enjoy civic rights and not have forfeited voting rights in the member state or in the state of origin;
- for Luxembourgers, be domiciled in Luxembourg;
- for nationals of another Member State of the European Union (EU), be domiciled in Luxembourg and have resided there for at least 5 years: the last year of residence prior to the application for registration on the list of voters must be uninterrupted;
- for other foreign nationals, be domiciled in Luxembourg and have resided there for at least 5 years, and the last year of residence prior to the application for registration on the list of voters must be uninterrupted. They must also be legally resident, have valid identity documents and, if necessary, a visa during all of the aforementioned period of time.
The law on municipal elections also allows foreigners to candidate for municipal mandates, including for the positions of mayor or alderman. The law on municipal elections also allows foreigners to run for municipal mandates, including for the positions of mayor or alderman. Candidates must have resided in Luxembourg for at least 5 years –the last year has to be uninterrupted – and have lived in the municipality for 6 months.
All voters registered on the electoral roll can ask to vote by correspondence during the communal elections.
An voter wishing to vote by mail during the communal elections must inform the commune and request the poll card. The request for the poll card can be made electronically via MyGuichet.Lu or by post on free paper or on a pre-printed form to be obtained from the voter's commune of residence.