The work of the government
The Constitution confers executive power on the Grand Duke. He is responsible for the implementation of laws by adopting regulations as required. But in practice, this task is performed by the government.
The Constitution also gives the Head of State total freedom in choosing the members of his government. But the principle of democracy implies that ministers should enjoy not only the trust of the Grand Duke but also that of the parliamentary majority. The Grand Duke therefore respects the results of parliamentary elections by appointing a formateur to form a government that is supported by the parliamentary majority.
As a body of the executive power, the government has overall power to manage public affairs. Each member of the government heads one or more ministerial departments to which he/she was appointed by the Grand Duke.
The government enjoys the right to propose legislation, known as governmental initiative, which allows it to table bills (projets de loi).
The members of the government meet on a weekly basis in the Government Council to discuss all the items on the agenda. Any matters submitted to the Grand Duke must be discussed beforehand by the Government Council. The Government Council also discusses bills that are tabled in the Chamber of Deputies. Decisions are taken by a majority of votes.
The government manages the state's income and expenditure budget, which is adopted each year.
Each year, the government makes a number of statements:
- a statement on economic, social and financial policy (also known as the 'State of the Nation');
- a statement on foreign policy;
- and a statement on cooperation policy.
The Bettel-Schneider-Bausch Government
The government resulting from the general election held on 14 October 2018 is a coalition government involving the Democratic Party (DP), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) and the Greens (déi gréng), under the leadership of Xavier Bettel (DP).
This Government was sworn in on 5 December 2018. It comprises:
- One Prime Minister;
- Two Deputy Prime Ministers;
- 14 members bearing the title of Minister.
The programme of the government was presented at the Chamber of Deputies on 11 December 2018. This programme sets the broad political lines that the government will follow in the current legislative period.
The government has been re-shuffled in October 2019.
The next legislative elections are going to take place in 2023.