The work of the government
The Constitution confers executive power on the Grand Duke. He is responsible for the implementation of laws by adopting regulations as required. But in practice, this task is performed by the government.
The Constitution also gives the Head of State total freedom in choosing the members of his government. But the principle of democracy implies that ministers should enjoy not only the trust of the Grand Duke but also that of the parliamentary majority. The Grand Duke therefore respects the results of parliamentary elections by appointing a formateur to form a government that is supported by the parliamentary majority.
As a body of the executive power, the government has overall power to manage public affairs. Each member of the government heads one or more ministerial departments to which he/she was appointed by the Grand Duke.
The government enjoys the right to propose legislation, known as governmental initiative, which allows it to table bills (projets de loi).
The members of the government meet on a weekly basis in the Government Council to discuss all the items on the agenda. Any matters submitted to the Grand Duke must be discussed beforehand by the Government Council. The Government Council also discusses bills that are tabled in the Chamber of Deputies. Decisions are taken by a majority of votes.
The government manages the state's income and expenditure budget, which is adopted each year.
Each year, the government makes a number of statements:
- a statement on economic, social and financial policy (also known as the "State of the Nation");
- a statement on foreign policy;
- and a statement on cooperation policy.
The Bettel-Schneider Government
The government resulting from the general election held on 20 October 2013 is a coalition government involving the Democratic Party (DP), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) and the Greens (Déi Gréng), under the leadership of Xavier Bettel (DP).
The Bettel-Schneider Government was sworn in on 4 December 2013. It comprises:
- a head of government, who has the title of Prime Minister;
- a Deputy Prime Minister;
- thirteen members who have the title of Minister;
- and three Secretaries of State.
The government programme presented to the Chamber of Deputies on 10 December 2013 forms the basis of the policy pursued by the coalition of the DP, the LSAP and the Greens.
The next parliamentary elections will be held on 14 October 2018.
Ministerial responsibilities are allocated as follows:
- Xavier Bettel, Prime Minister, Minister of State, Minister for Communications and Media, Minister for Religious Affairs, Minister of Culture;
- Etienne Schneider, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of the Economy, Minister of Internal Security, Minister of Defence;
- Jean Asselborn, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, Minister of Immigration and Asylum;
- Félix Braz, Minister of Justice;
- Nicolas Schmit, Minister of Labour, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy;
- Romain Schneider, Minister of Social Security, Minister for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Affairs, Minister of Sport;
- François Bausch, Minister for Sustainable Development and Infrastructure;
- Fernand Etgen, Minister of Agriculture, Viticulture, and Consumer Protection; Minister for Relations with Parliament;
- Pierre Gramegna, Minister of Finance;
- Lydia Mutsch, Minister of Health, Minister for Equal Opportunities;
- Daniel Kersch, Minister for Home Affairs, Minister for the Civil Service and Administrative Reform;
- Claude Meisch, Minister of Education, Children and Youth, Minister for Higher Education and Research;
- Corinne Cahen, Minister for Family Affairs and Integration, Minister for the Greater Region;
- Carole Dieschbourg, Minister for the Environment;
- Marc Hansen, Minister for Housing, Minister Delegate for Higher Education and Research;
- Claude Turmes, Secretary of State for Sustainable Development and Infrastrastructure;
- Francine Closener, Secretary of State of the Economy, Secretary of State of Internal Security, Secretary of State of Defence;
- Guy Arendt, Secretary of State for Culture.