Culture and traditions

Festivals and traditions

As in other countries, Easter, Christmas and other religious festivals are extremely important in the Grand Duchy, but the country also celebrates a number of purely Luxembourgish festivals and traditions. The most important - or the most peculiar - are:
  • the Hopping Procession of Echternach
  • National Day: 23 June
  • Schueberfouer (funfair in Luxembourg City)
  • Buergbrennen (Bonfire Festival)
  • Liichtmëssdag (Candlemas Day)
  • Fuesend (Carnival)
  • Bretzelsonndeg (Pretzel Sunday)
  • Oktav a Mäertchen (Octav pilgrimage)

For more information, read our pages about festivals and traditions in Luxembourg!


Cultural life in the Grand Duchy features:

  • a large number of top-quality cultural infrastructures;
  • performances by internationally renowned artists;
  • multilingualism in every field (music, literature, theatre, opera, cinema, etc);
  • during the summer, a large number of cultural events, often free of charge and open air.

Luxembourg Card

The Luxembourg Card gives you access to more than 60 tourist and cultural attractions in the Grand Duchy, and public transport can be used free of charge.

There are three UNESCO-listed sites in the Grand Duchy

  • The fortress and the old part of Luxembourg City (on UNESCO's World Heritage List since 1994);
  • The 'Family of Man' photographic exhibition (listed in UNESCO's Memory of the World Register since 2003);
  • The Echternach hopping procession (on UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage List since 2010);
  • Some 20 sites that have been classified as part of the UNESCO World Heritage list are in the vicinity of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

For more information read our page Luxembourg, UNESCO World Heritage

Museumsmile in Luxembourg City: 1 mile, 7 museums

For more information

The most frequently visited tourist and cultural sites in the Grand Duchy:

Luxembourg City was designated European Capital of Culture in 1995 and 2007

It was the first city to be designated twice as European Capital of Culture, in 1995 and 2007. The Luxembourg government decided to extend the 2007 event to all of the Greater Region (Saarland, Lorraine, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Rhineland Palatinate and Wallonia).

Ultramodern cultural infrastructures

  • Luxembourg City Theatre, Luxembourg Philharmonie, Rockhal (Centre for Amplified Music),
  • about sixty museums of all kinds,
  • about thirty theatres and concert halls, eleven regional cultural centres,
  • A good number of these cultural institutions are in interesting locations: abbeys, former prisons and slaughterhouses, restored and enhanced medieval castles, not forgetting infrastructures with contemporary architecture designed by internationally renowned architects.

International collaboration:

Venice Biennale (architecture and visual arts), Avignon Festival (theatre), Luxembourg City Theatre (theatre), Luxembourg Philharmonie (music), artists' residencies in Luxembourg City, Echternach and Bourglinster (visual arts, literature), etc.

Culture is promoted via

Opera, theatre and dance in the Grand Duchy

Leading companies from Europe and further afield offer audiences a varied, top-quality repertoire worthy of the major European capital cities, mainly in their original language.

For more information, read our pages about theatre and dance!

Visual arts in the Grand Duchy

International recognition for the Grand Duchy's visual arts was confirmed by the awarding the Golden Lion for the best pavilion at the Venice Biennale in 2003 to the artist Su-Mei Tse. Main art museums: Luxembourg Museum of Modern Art (Musée d’art moderne Grand-Duc Jean, MUDAM), National Museum of History and Art (Musée national d'histoire et d'art, MNHA), the Kunsthalle-style 'Casino Luxembourg - Forum for Contemporary Art'.

For more information, read our pages about visual arts!

Cinema in the Grand Duchy

  • films are always shown in their original language, with subtitles,
  • the Grand Duchy won its first Oscar in 2014 for the animated film 'Mr Hublot' (Zeilt Productions),
  • substantial audiovisual sector, producing about twenty (co-)productions a year,
  • Lëtzebuerger Filmpräis (Luxembourg Film Prize), Filmakademie, Film Fund Luxembourg,
  • Luxembourg City Film Festival, Luxembourg City Film Festival
For more information, read our pages about cinema!

Music in the Grand Duchy

There are two exceptional concert halls in the Grand Duchy: the Grand-Duchess Joséphine-Charlotte Concert Hall at the Luxembourg Philharmonie in Luxembourg-Kirchberg, and the Rockhal Centre for Amplified Music in Esch-sur-Alzette. Famous soloists and conductors rub shoulders at the Luxembourg Philharmonie, home of the Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra (Orchestre philharmonique Luxembourg, OPL). And the world's trendiest pop-rock-electro groups perform at the Rockhal.

Open-air festivals

  • Wiltz Festival (theatre, opera, musicals, classical music) in Wiltz
  • Rock-A-Field (indie, rock, pop) in Roeser
  • Omni Festival (indie, rock, pop) at the Neumünster Abbey Cultural Exchange Centre in Luxembourg City
  • Rock Classics @ Beaufort Castle
  • Celtic celebration in Dudelange ('Zeltik')
  • Free open-air festivals in Luxembourg City: Rock um Knuedler, All American Music Festival, World MeYouZik Festival, Blues’n Jazz Rallye as part of the 'Summer in the City' programme
  • Free open-air festivals elsewhere in the Grand Duchy: 'Fête de la Musique'

For more information, read our page about open-air festivals.

International music festivals

  • Echternach International Festival (classical music and jazz) in Echternach
  • Luxembourg Festival (opera, theatre, music) in Luxembourg City
  • Wiltz Festival (opera, theatre, music) in Wiltz, etc
  • For more information, read our page about international festivals.

Rock-pop-electro music festivals: Rock-A-Field in Roeser, e-lake Festival in Echternach, Rock um Knuedler in Luxembourg City, Food For Your Senses Festival, 'Fête de la Musique' throughout the country, etc

Jazz festivals: Like A Jazz Machine in Dudelange, Piano Plus and Luxembourg Jazz Meeting at the Neumünster Abbey Cultural Exchange Centre in Luxembourg City, Blues ’n Jazz Rallye in the suburbs of Luxembourg City, Musical Spring in Luxembourg City, etc

For more information, read our pages about music!

Architecture in the Grand Duchy

The historic part of Luxembourg City, with its impressive fortifications which were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994, contrasts with the Kirchberg plateau and its European quarter, where many European institutions and international banking and financial institutions have their headquarters. The remains of the fortifications are visible throughout Luxembourg City.

A number of contemporary buildings were designed by leading architects with an international reputation:

  • Luxembourg Museum of Modern Art (Musée d’art moderne Grand-Duc Jean, MUDAM), by Ieoh Ming Pei;
  • the Philharmonie, by Christian de Portzamparc;
  • the European Court of Justice, by Dominique Perrault;
  • the Place de l'Europe with its two towers, by Ricardo Boffil;
  • the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg, by Richard Meyer.

Esch-Belval in the south and Kirchberg in Luxembourg City are real laboratories for contemporary architecture, where a number of internationally renowned architects have left their mark.

  • LUCA, Luxembourg Center for Architecture
  • Architecture prize
  • Grand Duchy's participation in the Venice architecture Biennale

For more information, read our pages about architecture in Luxembourg!

Photography in the Grand Duchy

The collections of Edward Steichen, an American photographer of Luxembourgish descent:

  • 'The Family of Man' at Clervaux Castle, created in 1955 by Edward Steichen and listed on UNESCO's Memory of the World Register since 2003;
  • 'The Bitter Years 1935-1941' at the water tower in Dudelange.

For more information, read our pages about photography in Luxembourg

  • Updated 05-12-2018