A small village on the Luxembourg Moselle gives its name to the 'Schengen Agreements', which progressively allowed Europeans to freely travel across borders. Located at the Luxembourg-France-Germany tri-border area, Schengen symbolises the free movement of people and goods and the abolition of internal borders in Europe. For millions of people, Schengen is synonymous to quality of life.
14 June 1985: the Schengen Agreements, which abolish border controls of people and goods, are signed. The signature took place on the cruise ship M.S. Marie-Astrid while moored at the quay in the charming wine-village of Schengen.
19 June 1990: signature of the Schengen Convention by the 5 member states at Schengen. The convention completes the agreements and defines the scope of application and warranties of the implementation of free movement. It did not come into effect until 1995.
Today, the 'Schengen Acquis', i.e. the agreements and convention of Schengen, as well as related agreements, have been ratified and are being applied in the 26 European countries which are part of the 'Schengen Area'.
Monument 'Schengen Agreements'
On the esplanade along the Moselle in Schengen, 3 steel pillars commemorate the signature of the Schengen Agreements in 1985 and 1990. The wine-growing village of Schengen was eventually chosen for the signature ceremony of the Schengen Agreements because it is located on the border between France, Germany and the economic union Benelux (thus the first 5 signatories of the protocol).
European Museum Schengen
Inaugurated on 13 June 2010, 25 years after the signature of the Schengen Agreements, the European Museum Schengen is dedicated to the history and significance of the Schengen Agreements. On 200m2, a permanent exhibition shows visitors that the abolition of internal border controls was the beginning of the implementation of one of the 4 fundamental liberties that had been fixed by the Treaty of Rome of 1957. All of the texts of the exhibition are in German, English and French. Admission is free.