The public development aid (PDA) of Luxembourg includes a significant element of humanitarian action.
The three areas of humanitarian aid in the Grand Duchy's cooperation effort
With its humanitarian aid, the Grand Duchy can launch priority emergency relief in the event of humanitarian disasters, natural disasters or violent conflicts.
Humanitarian action also includes work on the prevention of humanitarian disasters as well a work on transition between humanitarian disaster, reconstruction, and the resumption of development.
Emergency relief is intended to meet the basic needs of people in distress. This is followed by a transition stage aimed at laying the foundations for the resumption of everyday activities by reconstructing destroyed community and private infrastructures and rehabilitating basic services and means of subsistence.
Action to reduce risk and improve resilience consists of preparing communities at risk for likely crises and disasters by strengthening their socio-economic capacity and resistance and by setting up an environment more conducive to their sustainable development.
The Ministry with responsibility for development aid allocates more than 20% of its annual budget for humanitarian aid to a number of Luxembourgish NGOs, mainly five NGOs specialising in humanitarian aid (the Caritas Luxembourg foundation, Handicap International Luxembourg, the Luxembourg Red Cross, Médecins sans Frontières Luxembourg, and CARE in Luxembourg). The development NGOs can also claim a grant to express their solidarity through a humanitarian project if disaster strikes the communities benefiting from their development projects.
Humanitarian aid is divided among its three branches roughly as follows: emergency relief (75% of the annual humanitarian budget), transitional work (20%), prevention and resilience (5%).
According to the OECD, Luxembourg is a model of good humanitarian practice.
Exact figures are given in the annual report of the Directorate for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Action.
The emergency.lu project
With its project emergency.lu, Luxembourg offers a global satellite communications system allowing a rapid response to natural disasters and humanitarian missions. The project is a mobile satellite telecom solution that can be deployed by air within two hours of receiving an alert in the event of a humanitarian disaster. The platform was designed and developed in the form of a public-private partnership using Luxembourgish know-how and competencies. Its funding out of development cooperation budgets enables the Grand Duchy to offer it to the international community as a global public resource. Its prime objective is to re-establish or reinforce means of communication in a crisis situation, thereby helping to coordinate rescue efforts and making the humanitarian community's response to the emergency more effective.
(Source: Development Cooperation Directorate, Ministry of Foreign Affairs)