The Principled Aid Index ranks Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors by how they use their official development assistance (ODA). In its report published in March 2019, the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) puts the Grand Duchy at the top of the ranking of its member countries, qualifying its assistance as the most public-spirited.
Aid based on solidarity and public benefit
According to the ODI, there are two types of donor country in terms of national interests: those that have no principles and make short-term decisions unilaterally, and those that are principled and try to achieve a safer, more sustainable and more prosperous world for all. Following this approach, the Principled Aid Index analyses the countries' ODA according to three principles:
- the assistance should be provided according to the needs of the recipient countries;
- the assistance should support global cooperation;
- the assistance must call on solidarity or public-spiritedness a well as have an impact on long-term development.
The Grand Duchy ranks at the top of the list, with a score of 24.49 out of a possible total of 30. The results in the three groups are also very positive: a score of 7.33 out of 10 for assistance allocated according to the countries' needs, 7.50 out of 10 for contribution to global cooperation, and 9.66 out of 10 for public-spiritedness. It is in this last group that the Grand Duchy excels more particularly: It is the first among the DAC countries in the ranking, followed by Japan, Iceland, Ireland and Korea.
In the global ranking, the Grand Duchy is followed by the United Kingdom (23.92), Sweden (22.74), Ireland (22.67) and Norway (22.50).
Luxembourg - a generous, principled country
According to the Principled Aid Index, the most generous countries tend to be those that are the most principled. Luxembourg matches this tendency- since 2009, it has been one of the most active countries in the field of ODA, allocating 1% of its GNI to cooperation. In the Grand Duchy, ODA is implemented by the instruments of bilateral and multilateral cooperation, support for programmes, and cooperation with development NGOs. Humanitarian action is also important; it makes it possible to provide a response mainly in the form of emergency aid in the event of humanitarian disasters, natural disasters, and violent conflicts.
Assistance focused on global development - in the national interest
The ODI report includes a series of guidelines and recommendations, including the promotion of the countries' national interests by applying a principled strategy for allocating assistance. According to the ODI, assistance granted in accordance with the principles of the Principled Aid Index makes it possible to defend domestic interests in the long term , thereby contributing to global security and prosperity.
The ODI also pleads in favour of greater public-spiritedness in the allocation of assistance, maximising all the possibilities for making an impact on development.
(Article produced by the editorial team of the portal luxembourg.lu)