With 1% of the country's gross national income (GNI) invested in it, humanitarian aid is an area of major importance in Luxembourg. The Grand-Duchy runs a variety of projects in a wide range of countries. Key projects take place for example in Burkina Faso, in Laos and Nicaragua.
Official development assistance
In collaboration with agencies like LuxDev, the United Nations or the European Union, as well as aggregated luxembourgish and international NGO's, the Directorate for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Affairs puts into action multi-annual cooperation programmes, called indicative cooperation programmes (ICPs). To optimise the impact and the effectiveness, development aid is concentrated on a limited amount of nine partner countries: Cabo Verde, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Laos and Vietnam.
The Grand-Duchy also supports projects and cooperations in other countries, such as Kosovo, Afghanistan, Mongolia, Myanmar and the occupied Palestinian territories. Main topics of development aid are access to water and sanitation, education and professional training, health and local development.
Education and training in Burkina Faso
The project in Burkina Faso mainly puts a focus on the education and vocational training, by financing training and specialisation programmes, as well as the development of information and communication technologies. A third sector is the sustainable management of natural resources, such as in the forestry sector.
Development of human and natural resources in Laos
In Laos, the cooperation programme is mainly focused on the goal to reduce poverty and to help the country in its endeavour to shed its status as one of the least developed countries. A main topic is the good governance of equal opportunities, the development of human resources and rural areas and education. A second key aspect is the good governance of the environment and natural resources, in order to prevent negative effects of climate change.
Hospitality industry and health care in Nicaragua
Since the beginning of the cooperation programme with Nicaragua in 1990, the country has lived a tremendous and positive development. In order to maintain this path of progress, Luxembourg is aiding in the development of vocational training, sustainable entrepreneurship and the support of the hospitality industry. Furthermore, the health sector, with a special attention to maternal and infantile health, is supported in cooperation with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).
(article written by the editorial team of the portal luxembourg.lu)