Political system

News and changes for 2018

This is our overview of the new legal provisions and regulations

Several new legal and regulatory provisions applying directly to citizens will enter into force in 2018. Below is an overview of the main changes that will have a direct impact on ordinary citizens. The list is not exhaustive.

Housing aid

Entry into force: 1 January 2018.

Changes in certain parameters of the housing-aid scheme will bring the number of eligible households up to 35,020.

The modifications introduced are:

  • the reduction of the minimum effort rate to 25% to be eligible for a rent subsidy;
  • social transfers are no longer considered when calculating the income of the requesting household;
  • the condition of 6 months of regular income is abolished; it is sufficient that the household applicant has 3 months of income at the time of the decision to grant the monthly assistance;
  • the low-income cutoff, which defines the eligibility for support, is modified.


Leave for personal reasons and leave for family reasons

Entry into force: 1 January 2018.

Amongst other things, the new law will extend paternity leave ('Pappecongé') from 2 to 10 days. All working fathers may take at least 10 working days of paternity leave around the date of their child's birth. That leave will be paid as a normal leave period. Employees entitled to paternity leave must give their employer 2 month's notice, informing them of the dates and conditions of the leave they intend to take. The same provisions apply in the event of the adoption of a child under the age of 16.

The law will also increase the number of days of leave for personal reasons to which parents are entitled in the event of the death of a minor child from 3 to 5 working days.


Cost-of-living allowance

Entry into force: 1 January 2018.

The regulation renews the payment of a cost-of-living allowance to low-income households in 2018. Family allowances, back-to-school benefit and childbirth benefit are no longer taken into consideration in calculating the household's total income. The amounts of the cost-of-living allowance remain unchanged from those in force in 2017.


Reform of long-term care insurance

Entry into force: 1 January 2018.

The main objectives of this reform are: to better tailor, to each recipient, the provision of high-quality service, catering to the daily needs of each person; to improve quality by imposing clear standards and criteria, and adequate checks; to simplify procedures and defragment the system in line with social changes, and in accordance with the fundamental principles of the original law passed in 1998.

Taxes on real-estate capital gains

The 10.5% tax on real-estate capital gains has been extended until 31 December 2018.


Date of legislative elections for 2018

The date of the next legislative elections is set for 14 October 2018.

Protection of data of natural persons

Entry into force: 25 May 2018

New rules relating on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data will be applicable as of 25 May 2018.

To give natural persons control over their personal data, the law on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data provides for greater security, in both legal and practical terms, for natural persons, economic operators and the public authorities.

For more information:

In the pipeline

At the time of publication of this article, the changes listed below were still making their way through the legislative process.

Electoral law

31-nouveautes-voteLegislative process under way. Entry into force planned for the next elections in 2018, i.e. 14 October 2018

To simplify the electoral process, postal voting will be available to any and all electors who request it. Applications can be made through MyGuichet.lu.

It is also possible to register on the electoral roll through MyGuichet.lu.

Social Inclusion Income (Revenu d'inclusion sociale - Revis)

Legislative process under way

The Revis replaces the guaranteed minimum income (GMI). It is intended as a means of promoting social inclusion and combating poverty. Furthermore, the planned introduction of the condition of being registered as a jobseeker with ADEM means that ADEM will be the primary interlocutor for applicants for the Revis. The National Solidarity Fund (Fonds national de solidarité – FNS) becomes the only competent organisation for the investigation, authorisation and management of Revis applications and payments. The Revis will be divided into 2 components, ie., a social inclusion benefit and an activation benefit.

Language system

Legislative process under way


German Sign Language will be granted official status in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

The project also plans to introduce the right of hearing-impaired or deaf people to call for a sign language interpreter in their relations with administrations. Another important point of the project: the right of the parents and siblings of a hearing-impaired or deaf person to receive a basic education in sign language. Finally, the purpose of the project is to provide hearing-impaired or deaf children with the same opportunities to embark on the training of their choice as children without disabilities and to be able to attend fundamental and secondary education in sign language.

Mention of gender and first name(s) in the civil status

Legislative process under way

The rights of transgender and intersex persons are strengthened through the creation of a legal framework permitting the gender and associated forename(s) appearing in the civil status to be changed. The current legal procedure will be replaced by a quicker, more easily accessible administrative procedure.

Penal code

Legislative process under way

The offence of deliberately endangering the safety of others is to be added to the Luxembourg penal code. The sentences handed down may include imprisonment and fines.

(Source: Gouvernement.lu / Guichet.lu)

  • Updated 29-12-2017