From 26 May to 28 August 2016, the Luxembourg City History Museum (MHVL) is showing a temporary exhibition devoted to Charles IV (1316 - 1378), Count of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia, and Holy Roman Emperor. In the Czech Republic he is considered one of the Fathers of the Nation; in the Grand Duchy the son of John the Blind is remembered as the man who elevated Luxembourg from the status of a county to that of a duchy.
Commemoration of the glorious past of the House of Luxembourg
2016 marks the 700th anniversary of the birth of Charles IV, Count of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia, and Holy Roman Emperor. Charles IV - baptised Wenceslas - was a member of the illustrious House of Luxembourg, and is regarded as one of the great dynastic figures of the Middle Ages.
The city of Prague owes its university to him, as well as many other constructions, including the famous Charles Bridge. Luxembourgers continue to remember him as the man who raised the county to a duchy in 1354. At the same time he transferred the duchy to his half-brother Wenceslas I, who carried out extensive building work in Luxembourg City, including the extension of the fortress known as Wenceslas' Wall (Wenzelsmauer) which now forms part of a tourist circuit that bears his name.
The exhibition has been organised in partnership with the Embassy of the Czech Republic in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
As part of the festivities marking the 700th anniversary of Charles IV's birth, HRH Grand Duke Henri received the International Charles IV Prize in Prague. This is the first time the prize has been awarded after a fourteen-year break.
The House of Luxembourg at its height
In the Middle Ages, the House of Luxembourg was one of the most powerful dynasties in Europe. The House produced Holy Roman Emperors, archbishops, and eminent kings with substantial political influence over the Europe of their time. Charles IV was one of the three Holy Roman Emperors from the House of Luxembourg; the other two were his grandfather, Henry VII of Luxembourg (1312 - 1313), and his son, Sigismond (1433 - 1437).
(Article written by the editorial team of the portal www.luxembourg.lu / Source: Luxembourg City History Museum (MHVL).)